The Russian language is the language of the Russian nation, the language in which it was created and creates culture.
The Russian language is the official language of the Russian Federation. It serves all areas of the people living on the territory of Russia: on it are written the most important documents of the country, and the teaching is done in schools.
Since Russia is multiethnic, the Russian language is a means of international communication of people: it is evident to every citizen of Russia. Russian is the mother tongue of most of the population of our country.
Russian language - a language in which the Russian nation has created and created its culture, especially literature. In the modern form of the Russian language first appeared in the XIX century, in the era of Alexander Pushkin. It is considered the founder of modern Russian language, understandable to all of us and on which we are talking.
The Russian language includes both literary kind (for example, one in which compliance with all enshrined in the rules of grammar), and non-literary (i.e., dialects, colloquialisms, jargon and slang - cases of deviation from the accepted norm).
Russian writers and poets have always successfully used both types of Russian language, creating great works of Russian literature.
In today's society in Russia Russian language plays the key role as the national language and the official language of interethnic communication. An equally important role of the Russian language in the world: it is the international language (one of the six official and working languages of the United Nations).
In modern society, the Russian language is paying a lot of attention. Caring Society of the language expressed in its codification, for example in the ordering of linguistic phenomena in a single set of rules.
The Russian language is incredibly diverse. Authors have always enjoyed a tremendous amount of responsive means existing in the Russian language.
The position of the Russian language among other languages. Russian language as one of the Indo-European languages.
The Russian language belongs to the Indo-European family of languages, which means it has a common parent language other languages of the group (basically, it is the European languages). Because of the common origin of these languages have many similarities in grammatical structure, there is a layer of the same words, different from each other phonetically (this words for family members, verbs denoting simple actions, etc.).
Russian language among other Slavic languages.
The Russian language belongs to the Slavic group of languages, which is divided into eastern, western and southern subgroups. The Russian language belongs to the East sub-group, which also includes Ukrainian and Belarusian languages, is with these languages in the near kinship.
Russian language and language contacts.
Throughout its history, Russian language there is not autonomous, and come into contact with other languages that left their imprints on it.
In VII-XII centuries borrowed words from the Scandinavian languages in the Russian language, these were words associated with marine fisheries (anchor hook) and proper names (Olga, Igor).
In the XVIII century on the Russian language is actively influenced by the French language, which was considered the language of the aristocracy (buffet, shade, playpen).
The words of the English language is actively penetrating in the Russian language in the last fifteen or twenty years. Sometimes the use of words of English origin too: foreign words, which are sometimes not even all clear, replace the most familiar words. It spoils it violates its such qualities as purity and correctness.
But not only affect other languages into the Russian language, and vice versa. So, in the middle of the XX century after the launch of the first satellites and spacecraft were these words in all the languages of the world as "astronaut" or "companion".
The role of the Old Slavonic language in the development of the Russian language.
Old Church Slavonic language began to use Western Slavs, and in the X century and it became the language of the eastern Slavs. It is this language translated from Greek Christian texts. At first, this language was written only but then written the language and spoken language began to influence each other, often these related languages mixed in Russian chronicles.
Influence of the Old Slavonic language makes our language more expressive and flexible. Thus, for example, have been used words denoting the abstract concept (for which does not have their names).
Many of the words that came out of the Old Slavonic language, is not perceived as borrowed: they are thoroughly Russified; others have seen as obsolete or poetic.
The science of the Russian language called Russian studies. It examines how the current state of the language and its history. It includes topics such as grammar (morphology and syntax), vocabulary, phraseology, phonetics, graphics, spelling, punctuation, orthoepy, word formation and style.
Prominent scientists-specialists in Russian philology.
The founder of the modern science of the Russian language is considered to be MV Lomonosov, he wrote, "Russian grammar" the first detailed description of the failure of the Russian language, developed a theory of three "calms".
Another prominent scholar of the Russian language was VI Dahl, who created a four "Explanatory Dictionary of Russian language" (1883-1866), in which he reflected not only literary language but many dialects.
Great contribution to the study of Russian language Ushakov made, Szczerba, Potebnya, Ozhegov and others.